How to Sell a Gun in Utah
Selling a gun in Utah requires knowledge of the state’s regulations to ensure gun owners are in compliance and don’t make any mistakes in the transaction. The state of Utah has various laws concerning the ownership, transfer and the carrying of firearms. When considering selling a gun in a private sale, buyers and sellers will want to be informed of the regulations surrounding firearms.
The following information is from a memorandum entitled Utah State Laws and Published Ordinances from the Utah Office of the Attorney General to the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives.
Selling a Firearm to a Non-FFL, Private Party
There is a background check required whenever purchasing a gun through a Federal Firearm Licensed dealer and for firearm transactions at gun shows. It is also implied that background checks should occur on private sales between individuals but is not implicitly stated in regulations of the state.
However, without a paper trail, both parties would be liable for any violation of state or federal law if a firearm was found to be used in a commission of a crime or sold to a prohibited person who is ineligible to own a firearm.
Here is the legal text:
Section 76-10-526 Criminal background check prior to purchase of a firearm – Fee – Exemption for concealed firearm permit
holders and law enforcement officers.
A criminal history background check is required for the sale of a firearm by a licensed firearm dealer in the state.
An individual purchasing a firearm from a dealer shall consent in writing to a criminal background check, on a form provided by the bureau.
The form shall contain the following information:
(i) the dealer identification number;
(ii) the name and address of the individual receiving the firearm;
(iii) the date of birth, height, weight, eye color, and hair color of the individual receiving the firearm; and
(iv) the Social Security number or any other identification number of the individual receiving the firearm.
Section 76-10-527 Penalties.
(1) A dealer is guilty of a class A misdemeanor who willfully and intentionally:
(a) requests, obtains, or seeks to obtain criminal history background information under false pretenses;
(b) disseminates criminal history background information; or
(c) violates § 76-10-526.
(2) A person who purchases or transfers a firearm is guilty of a felony of the third degree if the person willfully and intentionally makes a false statement of the information required for a criminal background check in § 76-10-526.
(3) Except as otherwise provided in Subsection (1), a dealer is guilty of a felony of the third degree if the dealer willfully and intentionally sells or transfers a firearm in violation of this part.
(4) A person is guilty of a felony of the third degree if the person purchases a firearm with the intent to:
(a) resell or otherwise provide a firearm to a person who is ineligible to purchase or receive a firearm from a dealer; or
(b) transport a firearm out of this state to be resold to an ineligible person.
Utah State Firearm Sale Restrictions
Section 76-10-503 Restrictions on possession, purchase, transfer, and ownership of dangerous weapons by certain persons – Exceptions.
(1) For purposes of this section:
(a) A Category I restricted person is a person who:
(i) has been convicted of any violent felony as defined in § 76-3-203.5;
(ii) is on probation or parole for any felony;
(iii) is on parole from a secure facility as defined in § 62A-7-101;
(iv) within the last 10 years has been adjudicated delinquent for an offense which if committed by an adult would have been a violent felony as defined in § 76-3-203.5;
(v) is an alien who is illegally or unlawfully in the United States; or
(vi) is on probation for a conviction of possessing:
(A) a substance classified in § 58-37-4 as a Schedule I or II controlled substance;
(B) a controlled substance analog; or
(C) a substance listed in § 58-37-4.2.
(b) A Category II restricted person is a person who:
(i) has been convicted of any felony;
(ii) within the last 7 years has been adjudicated delinquent for an offense which if committed by an adult would have been a felony;
(iii) is an unlawful user of a controlled substance as defined in § 58-37-2;
(iv) is in possession of a dangerous weapon and is knowingly and intentionally in unlawful possession of a Schedule I or II controlled substance as defined in § 58-37-2;
(v) has been found not guilty by reason of insanity for a felony offense;
(vi) has been found mentally incompetent to stand trial for a felony offense;
(vii) has been adjudicated as mentally defective as provided in the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, Pub. L. No. 103-159, 107 Stat. 1536 (1993), or has been committed to a mental institution;
(viii) has been dishonorably discharged from the armed forces; or
(ix) has renounced the individual’s citizenship after having been a citizen of the United States;
(x) is a respondent or defendant subject to a protective order or child protective order that is issued after a hearing for which the respondent or defendant received actual notice and at which the respondent or defendant has an opportunity to participate, that restrains the respondent or defendant from harassing, stalking, threatening, or engaging in other conduct that would place an intimate partner, as defined in 18 U.S.C. Sec. 921, or a child of the intimate partner, in reasonable fear of bodily injury to the intimate partner or child of the intimate partner, and that:
(A) includes a finding that the respondent or defendant represents a credible threat to the physical safety of an individual who meets the definition of an intimate partner in 18 U.S.C. Sec. 921 or the child of the individual; or
(B) explicitly prohibits the use, attempted use, or threatened use of physical force that would reasonably be expected to cause bodily harm against an intimate partner or the child of an intimate partner; or
(xi) has been convicted of the commission or attempted commission of assault under Section 76-5-102 or aggravated assault under Section 76-5-103 against a current or former spouse, parent, guardian, individual with whom the restricted person shares a child in common, individual who is cohabitating or has cohabitated with the restricted person as a spouse, parent, or guardian, or against an individual similarly situated to a spouse, parent, or guardian of the restricted person.
(c) As used in this section, a conviction of a felony or adjudication of delinquency for an offense which would be a felony if committed by an adult does not include:
(i) a conviction or adjudication of delinquency for an offense pertaining to antitrust violations, unfair trade practices, restraint of trade, or other similar offenses relating to the regulation of business practices not involving theft or fraud; or
(ii) a conviction or adjudication of delinquency which, according to the law of the jurisdiction in which it occurred, has been expunged, set aside, reduced to a misdemeanor by court order, pardoned or regarding which the person’s civil rights have been restored unless the pardon, reduction, expungement, or restoration of civil rights expressly provides that the person may not ship, transport, possess, or receive firearms.
(d) It is the burden of the defendant in a criminal case to provide evidence that a conviction or adjudication of delinquency is subject to an exception provided in Subsection (1)(c), after which it is the burden of the state to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the conviction or adjudication of delinquency is not subject to that exception.
(2) A Category I restricted person who intentionally or knowingly agrees, consents, offers, or arranges to purchase, transfer, possess, use, or have under the person’s custody or control, or who intentionally or knowingly purchases, transfers, possesses, uses, or has under the person’s custody or control:
(a) any firearm is guilty of a second degree felony; or
(b) any dangerous weapon other than a firearm is guilty of a third degree felony.
(3) A Category II restricted person who intentionally or knowingly purchases, transfers, possesses, uses, or has under the person’s custody or control:
(a) any firearm is guilty of a third degree felony; or
(b) any dangerous weapon other than a firearm is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
(4) A person may be subject to the restrictions of both categories at the same time.
(5) If a higher penalty than is prescribed in this section is provided in another section for one who purchases, transfers, possesses, uses, or has under this custody or control any dangerous weapon, the penalties of that section control.
(6) It is an affirmative defense to a charge based on the definition in Subsection (1)(b)(iv) that the person was:
(a) in possession of a controlled substance pursuant to a lawful order of a practitioner for use of a member of the person’s household or for administration to an animal owned by the person or a member of the person’s household; or
(b) otherwise authorized by law to possess the substance.
(a) It is an affirmative defense to transferring a firearm or other dangerous weapon by a person restricted under Subsection (2) or (3) that the firearm or dangerous weapon:
(i) was possessed by the person or was under the person’s custody or control before the person became a restricted person;
(ii) was not used in or possessed during the commission of a crime or subject to disposition under § 24-3-103;
(iii) is not being held as evidence by a court or law enforcement agency;
(iv) was transferred to a person not legally prohibited from possessing the weapon; and
(v) unless a different time is ordered by the court, was transferred within 10 days of the person becoming a restricted person.
(b) Subsection (7)(a) is not a defense to the use, purchase, or possession on the person of a firearm or other dangerous weapon by a restricted person.
(a) A person may not sell, transfer, or otherwise dispose of any firearm or dangerous weapon to any person, knowing that the recipient is a person described in Subsection (1)(a) or (b).
(b) A person who violates Subsection (8)(a) when the recipient is:
(i) a person described in Subsection (1)(a) and the transaction involves a firearm, is guilty of a second degree felony;
(ii) a person described in Subsection (1)(a) and the transaction involves any dangerous weapon other than a firearm, and the transferor has knowledge that the recipient intends to use the weapon for any unlawful purpose, is guilty of a third degree felony;
(iii) a person described in Subsection (1)(b) and the transaction involves a firearm, is guilty of a third degree felony; or
(iv) a person described in Subsection (1)(b) and the transaction involves any dangerous weapon other than a firearm, and the transferor has knowledge that the recipient intends to use the weapon for any unlawful purpose, is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
(a) A person may not knowingly solicit, persuade, encourage or entice a dealer or other person to sell, transfer or otherwise dispose of a firearm or dangerous weapon under circumstances which the person knows would be a violation of the law.
(b) A person may not provide to a dealer or other person any information that the person knows to be materially false information with intent to deceive the dealer or other person about the legality of a sale, transfer or other disposition of a firearm or dangerous weapon.
FEDERAL DISQUALIFICATION CATEGORIES
- Conviction (felony or misdemeanor) where the crime has a maximum imprisonment term exceeding 1 year (even if a buyer did not receive actual imprisonment exceeding 1 year).
- Warrant (felony or out-of-state misdemeanor).
- Felony pre-trial release.
- Misdemeanor crimes of domestic violence restraining/stalking/protection order mental health adjudication or commitment.
- Unlawful use or addicted to a controlled substance (including marijuana).
- Dishonorable discharge from the armed forces.
- Renounced U.S. citizenship.
- Illegal alien.
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The information contained on this website has been prepared as a service to the internet community and is not intended to constitute legal advice. CashMyGuns.com has used reasonable efforts in collecting, preparing, and providing quality information and material, but does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy, completeness, adequacy, or currency of the information contained in or linked to this website. Users of information from this website or links do so at their own risk and should consult their local firearm law resources and/or an attorney when engaging in selling a firearm. The cited information in this article was obtained on 04/13/20 from https://www.atf.gov/file/117381/download